Categories
Christianity Indo-European Vedic

Official Book Recommendation List

Hammer and Vajra Official Book Recommendation List

I think a lot of people looking into Germanic Heathenry or other forms of Paganism are rather confused on good study material. Often, they get recommended a bunch of Wiccan or Super-Neo Pagan books that are good for what they are, maybe, but not for an understanding of European paganism in the context of folk religion and greater Indo-European interconnective understanding. So below I am going to provide a list of books I recommend in various aspects of Indo-European, Pagan, Vedic, and Germanic studies. This will include the basic primers of spiritual scripts as well for beginners.

These books are all recommendations for their content not for the sociopolitical context of the author or the time the author wrote, be that opinion conservative or liberal.

I am also providing Amazon Links for those who would like to purchase and support these Authors.

The post is long so please look throughout if you want to see something in particular you are personally following or interested in.

General Indo-European understanding

Comparative Mythology by Prof Jaan Puhvel

This book is the best I can recommend in understanding Indo-European connectivity between ancient religions. It might be rather scholarly and hard for some to understand but I feel it is a bit more approachable than some of Georges Dumézil’s works. Though I would say much of his works should be sought out for comparison if you can find one in English. I personally think that “Comparative Mythology” is the best jumping point for anyone wanting to understand the inner connectivity for these traditions.

Bulfinch’s Mythology

This may seem like an odd choice as it is the most mainstream, however, it is also the best collections of “myth” and historical attested legends / lore you will find in almost any book joined together.

Syncretic Indo-European Faith (Hammer & Vajra)

It has come time to recommend my own book.

“A compendium of Indo-European religion and a guide for the spiritual concepts of Vedic Heathenism. A Syncretic Indo-European Faith by Zachary Gill is an introduction to a syncretic modern faith, to include the practices, history, culture, and values that makes up this IE based Heathen path. Using both academic research and personal gnosis, Mr. Gill illustrates how the roots of Indo-European peoples and their many-branched faiths can guide the modern heathen. This book is especially for those who wish to reinvigorate their practice. He examines the IE deities in-depth, contrasting, and comparing them across branches and offering a study of how deities have changed in both appearance and function over time and culture. It is meant as a guide and companion book for those interested in discovering the standard practices found within all IE faiths, a background that all peoples of Indo-European descent share.”

Summoning the Gods by Collin Cleary.
This is probably my favorite book to understanding the divine / the Gods and Monism. It does a decent comparison of Indo-European philosophy and thought while showing the inner connectivity of divinity. It is a bit harder to find a physical copy nowadays.

Germanic / Heathenism

There is a bit of controversy regarding whose translations you should trust. While I love that the older 1800s translations from Thorpe and Bellows. Though modernly a lot of people recommend the translations of Prof. Jackson Crawford. I personally have only read a bit of his books. I will say cross comparing various translations might be the best approach.

Poetic Edda

The Poetic Edda/Elder Edda is mostly written down within the Codex Regius, a 12th -century manuscript, but is considered to be poems that had been passed via oral tradition since much earlier. The author of this is unknown, as it is thought to be various authors throughout. This Edda is the primary source and sacred text of most modern Germanic Pagan movements and religions. It is broken into various poems of which the Hávamál and the Rígsþula are contained. However, it is the Völuspá, which is considered to be pivotal in understanding the beliefs of the Early Germanic peoples as it not only tells of the creation of the cosmos but foretells the future end and rebirth of the world.

Hávamál

The Hávamál (Old Norse: sayings of the High One) is included as
part of the Codex Regius (Approx. 1270 A.D), the Icelandic Book of
Kings. While the Codex Regius is filled with various poems pertaining
to the Norse gods, it also contains a lot of euhemerist concepts. That
being said, the Hávamál is a group of poems that are spiritually
attributed to sayings from Odin himself. These poems are broken up
into different groupings of subjects that provide advice and wisdom
for daily life. To many modern heathens, these poems are considered
divine spiritual wisdom. The portion of the Hávamál that deals with
Odin’s sacrifice to his higher self on the World Tree, as well as the
usage of the Runes, stand out from the rest of the poems and are
often the focus of esoteric and metaphysical philosophies and ritual.

Sagas

There are many Viking, Germanic, Scandinavian, and other Sagas which would take a long time to list completely. One of my main recommendations for this would be those published by Penguin Publishing. I will say the Völsunga Saga and Nibelungenlied stand out as they have influenced western culture and understanding much more than people realize.

Beowulf

Beowulf is a ‘novel’ or Saga said to have originated from around
700 AD. It is written in Old English (Anglo-Saxon) and tells the Saga
of Beowulf a Germanic Hero. While the tale is written from a rather
Christian perspective, it is easy to surmise Pagan traditions and
language from it as the attempts to point out what is pagan and what
is not within the Saga works as its own reverse engineering. In many
ways, this is a sacred book to Germanic Pagans.
You might find it interesting to know that J.R.R. Tolkien did his own translation of Beowulf.
https://www.amazon.com/Beowulf-Translation-Commentary-J-R-R-Tolkien/dp/0544570308/ref=sr_1_7?dchild=1&keywords=beowulf&qid=1608371722&sr=8-7

The most recommended and commonly used Beowulf translation is this bilingual one.
https://www.amazon.com/Beowulf-New-Verse-Translation-Bilingual/dp/0393320979/ref=sr_1_5?dchild=1&keywords=beowulf&qid=1608371722&sr=8-5

Prose Edda

The Prose Edda, also called the Younger Edda, was written by
Snorri Sturluson, who was an Icelandic Historian, lawman, and
scholar who lived in the 13th century. He wrote Skaldic poems,
which gave a brief history of the world and covered the “mythologic
history” of the Norse. Most of his writings were based on the Codex
Regius and were filled to the brim with Euhemerism. While this is very
important to historians and those who want to glean what they can
from his writings, it is indeed set in the Christian context, unlike that
of the Elder or Poetic Edda for the most part.

The Northern Dawn: A History of the Reawakening of the Germanic Spirit: From the Twilight of the Gods to the Sun at Midnight

This book is great for understanding Germanic Paganism and how it was Christianized. This is a Great book in understanding the Laws and Indo-European spirit that was behind much of Germanic faith and culture before, during, and after the rise of Christianity.

The Big Book of Runes and Rune Magic: How to Interpret Runes, Rune Lore, and the Art of Runecasting by Edred Thorsson

Dream of the Rood

https://www.facebook.com/hammerandvajra/posts/2685904098322073

Deutsche Mythologie by Jacob (Ludwig Karl) Grimm
https://www.amazon.it/Deutsche-Mythologie-Jacob-Grimm/dp/3932412249

If you want to know more about the Honorable Mr. Grimm please check out my post here.
https://www.facebook.com/hammerandvajra/posts/2880522322193582

Saxon Heathenism

Path to the Gods: Anglo-Saxon Paganism for Beginners by Swain Wodening https://www.amazon.com/Path-Gods-Anglo…/dp/147517666X

If you want a further breakdown on Saxon Heathenism please check out my post here.

https://www.facebook.com/hammerandvajra/posts/2735699603342522

Gothic Paganism / Gothic Christianity

Books by Aelfric Avery and Edred Thorsson / Stephen Flowers

Gutiska Hunslastaths Razda by Aelfric Avery
A Gothic heathen liturgy in the Wulfilan Gothic language with a modern English interlinear translation which honours the gods and goddesses of the ancient Goths. The liturgy consists of the ritual practices of modern-day Gothic heathens which are based on what is known of the ancient Germanic heathen rites.”
https://www.lulu.com/…/paperback/product-22653103.html

The Mysteries of the Goths by Edred Thorsson.
“After providing a concise view of the history of the ancient Goths and their legacy, this text embarks on an ambitious esoteric adventure into the realm of authentic Gothic lore. These adventures encompass the particulars of the ancient Gothic religion, both its pagan roots and Arian-Christian expressions. The mysteries of the unique Gothic alphabet, a synthesis of Runic, Greek and Roman lore, are deeply explored in ways never before revealed. The great Gothic treasures and artifacts, such as the so-called Temple Treasure and the magical Gothic spears of destiny, are also systematically brought to light. This book if for all who treasure the deep Gothic heritage and legacy.”

Gaut’s Descendants: Gothic Religion and Culture in Germania by Aelfric Avery
“Gaut’s Descendants: Gothic Religion and Culture in Germania explores the religion and culture of the Goths and the Gothic influence on other Germanic tribes. Some of the topics examined include: the gods and goddesses of the Goths; the rituals and magic of the Goths; Gaut, the founding father god of the Goths, his surviving myths and his cult of sacral kingship; the various influences that contributed to the synthesis of Gothic religion and culture; the nature of Gothic Christianity and survivals of Gothic heathenry in Christian times; how the Migration Age layer of Germanic mythology differed from the more well-known Viking Age layer of Germanic mythology; how the Goths contributed to Germanic mystical and religious concepts preserved in the Eddas such as the differences between the Aesir and Vanir gods; the substantial influence of the Goths on the legend and poetry of the rest of the Germanic world, especially in Viking Age Scandinavia and Anglo-Saxon England.”

Slavic Paganism

Unfortunately, there isn’t a lot of good Primary sources regarding writing on Slavic Paganism.
I would recommend a few authors but it would result in a battle among people whether the sources were legitimate or not.

I made a post on the basics of Slavic Paganism if anyone is interested. Anything further than this I would have to ask others to step in for more clarity.
https://www.facebook.com/hammerandvajra/posts/2821917288054086

Celtic Faith

Celtic Gods and Heroes by Marie-Louise Sjoestedt

If one wants to cross examine Celtic Faith as well, which is inner connected with Germanic faith (most Germanics being Celtic as much as they are Germanics and both tribes coming from the East originally). This one doesn’t focus on the Gauls as much as I would like it to.

For a fuller breakdown on Celtic understanding I would suggest my post below where provide various links.

https://www.facebook.com/hammerandvajra/posts/2866785770233904

Greco-Roman

Hesiod’s Theogony

Much like how the aforementioned Poetic Edda, the Rig Veda, and the biblical Genesis the Theogony gives the birth of the universe, the world, and the creation of the Gods etc. It may have been heavily influenced by Sumerian, Luwian, Hittite, and other creation stories but it correlates easily with many Indo-European faiths.

Theogony at Sacred Texts
https://www.sacred-texts.com/cla/hesiod/theogony.htm

Orphic Hymns

The Orphic religious context, which some referrer to as a mystery cult, is in my opinion an important approach to esoteric thought, embracing life and death, personal ritual, and connection with the divine.

https://www.sacred-texts.com/cla/hoo/index.htm

Writings of Herodotus

Herodotus is often considered the first historian. He is considered
to have lived between 484 and 425 BC. He was a Greek philosopher
who traveled and wrote various things about the peoples he claimed
to visit. He wrote on the Scythians, which is often is considered the
earliest mentioning of them. But much of what he wrote should be
understood as having been written through the lens of Greek
dominance and showed political favor to certain groups and making
others look like barbarians, though one shouldn’t dismiss the fact that
what he wrote is valuable information regarding peoples and cultures
of the past.

Homer’s Works (Iliad and Odyssey)

It is Homer, an ancient Greek, philosopher, and author, that epics
such as the Iliad and the Odyssey are attributed to. These tales are
considered by some to be historical and to others to be fantastical
surround the history of the Greeks and the Trojan war. The quality
and interpretations of these writings vary depending on the translator
or language. The one thing that they represent, for the context of
Indo-European Paganism, is the rituals, culture, and allegories beings
depicted. For this alone, these writings are priceless.

Plato’s The Republic

While this is considered a political book as well as a book on philosophy and ethics, Plato speaks often of praising the Gods, ritual, and how one should conduct one’s life piously.

Persian / Zoroastrian

The Avesta is a collection of Zoroastrian holy texts written in the Avestan language and attributed primarily to Zarathustra himself and is thought to be between 1500 and 600 BC with Zarathustra beingapproximately from 6480 BC. The Avesta consists of the Yasna (primarily focused on ritual) with the five faiths being considered highly important and possibly the oldest and most connected to the Proto-Indo-European/Vedic faith. While the ancient texts are the basis of the Zoroastrian religion and, in a rather similar case to the Bible and Quran, said to be transmitted from God (Ahura Mazda) to Zarathustra, much of the texts have greater connections to IndoEuropean Paganism as a whole. The texts and their contexts must be viewed through the eyes of the culture at the time, and are often mistaken for Monotheism,
despite the fact that they have hymns to different Gods and Spirits (such as Mithra). These beings are called Yazata and align closely with counterparts in the Vedas as well as other Gods within IndoEuropean faiths such as the Slavic, Greek, and Germanic traditions. Reading the Avesta might give the devotee or seeker of knowledge a rather familiar feeling which they may trace to that of Christianity and Islam. However, this is due to the fact that the Persian empire (who was for the most part Zoroastrians) had a strong influence on the region, which continued from ancient times into even both the Greece and Roman Empires. Some Judeo-Christian and Islamic concepts were, for the lack of a better description, lifted completely from Zoroastrian writings and beliefs. For those who read the Avesta for a Vedic Heathen practice
or to seek deeper wisdom and understanding of Indo-European Paganism, they should pay keen attention to the rituals and magics, origin stories, Fire worship, and the reverence to Mithra. This could arguably be one of the first examples of Monism.

https://www.sacred-texts.com/zor/

For modern reading I would recommend the following.
The Good religion, Original Magic, and Mazda way by Stephen flowers.

India / Vedic

There are thousands of Indian texts. Not all of them are Vedic. The more time passes the newer texts are less and less Vedic, at least in my opinion.

With this I would recommend, at least for westerners, primarily the Rig Veda which I feel is the most important as it sets the stage for Indo-European ritual and understanding. After this I would recommend the Upanishads as they delve into a deeper understanding of interconnectivity, the nature of divinity, and what could be described as original monist thought.

Though it may be considered controversial, if case you want to know the difference between Vedic scripture and the broader Hindu scripture. Personally, I only follow Vedic scripture, which I see as more reflective of greater Indo-European faiths. Within this is included the four Vedas. The Rigveda (Praise Hymns Knowledge), the (Sacrificial knowledge), the Samaveda (Song/Hymn Knowledge), and the Atharvaveda (Magical/Ritual Knowledge). It is not that I would ignore the wisdom of the Hindu texts or think lesser of their worship. However, this is where the Vedas are adopted for more culturally relevant to what became the Hindus and less to overarching Indo-European or Proto-Indo European Paganism.

That being said the tales in the The Bhagavad Gita and the Mahābhārata are very good examples of morality, devote spirituality and how to conduct oneself honorably.

Rig Veda translated by Wendy Doniger

At Sacred Texts by Ralph T.H. Griffith, Translator

https://www.sacred-texts.com/hin/rigveda/index.htm

Upanishads translated by Juan Mascaro

https://www.amazon.com/Upanishads-Penguin-Classics/dp/0140441638/ref=sr_1_2?dchild=1&keywords=Juan+Mascaro&qid=1610041190&sr=8-2

At Sacred Texts translated by Max Müller

https://www.sacred-texts.com/hin/sbe01/index.htm

In this part I will give a small list of recommended Authors that I’ll leave up to you to investigate or seek out yourself. I might elaborate on them on future posts.

Philosophy

Plato, Aristotle, Marcus Aurelius, Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, etc.

Much of this could be summarized by looking into the Western Canon. Of course this has become a political issue in the current era, however, most of these works transcended what I would call “modern” politics.

Esotericism
Julius Evola, René-Jean-Marie-Joseph Guénon, Guido Von List, Meister Eckhart, Hermes Trismegistus, various alchemist and Pagan leaning philosophy writers.

Spiritually inspired fiction
J.R.R Tolkien, C.S Lewis, H.P Love Craft, Robert Howard, Robert Jordan, Brandon Sanderson, Frank Herbert.

Other works
Other works would be studies on Scythian and Tengriism as well as various Buddhist Sutra, Mantra, and Tantra. Many of those deserve their own post and book recommendations which I might do at a later date.

I hope this small foray into what I would consider proper Indo-European philosophy and religious texts helps guide you. I’m not saying that these are the only books that should be read or that there aren’t a controversy or mistakes in any of these books or works by the authors. Instead, what I am implying is that if one is seeking an understanding of “Paganism” “Heathenry” or Indo-European spirituality and they haven’t read any of the primary texts or some of these supporting authors, be the of a Christian time period or not, then they are doing their own journey a disservice.
That being said it is important to cross reference and question your understanding as well as that of others.
Strive for truth and wisdom always.
Hammer and Vajra
Written by Zachary Gill, 19 December 2020.

Image: Library by dj bekas
https://www.artstation.com/artwork/OZGVe

Categories
Indo-European

Zeus / Jupiter.

Image taken by me of the Sky Father Zeus on my Personal Altar


Another Divine interpretation of the Indo European Sky Father Dyēus Phter. The example of the father, husband, ruler, and masculinity be itself. Often also seen as synonymous with the sun and solar tradition. Whether the examples are of certain morality or of interpretations of the divinity within life the sky father is the predominantly the keeper of the balance between chaos and order. A balance that the world could use right now.

Oh Zeus, father Zeus, Yours is the Kingdom of Heaven, and you watch men’s deeds, the crafty and the right, and You are who cares for beasts’ transgression and justice.
–Archilochus, Fragment 177

Does this sound familiar?
Just because Christianity adopted and changed Dyēus Phter to meet their own intentions, doesn’t mean we should stray away from the King of the Gods. The sky father. Whether seen as an archetype or a reflection of the actual King of the Heavens through Zeus, Odin / Tyr, Indra, The Hindu Trimūrti , or various others in the Indo-European and European pagan traditions, Dyēus Phter is an important governing figure to European Paganism.
Hammer and Vajra
–Zachary Gill

Categories
Christianity Indo-European

Zeitgeist fallacies

In regards to famous “Zeitgeist” video that has been used to debunk Christianity…and, in turn, Christians have been able to use some of these falsehoods to try and disprove “all paganism” Zeitgeist getting a few things wrong doesn’t take away from other similarities or the similarities that are true. In this post, I will address two of the many Gods that Zeitgeist mentions and compares to Christ.

Dionysus

Zeitgeist claims.
1. Dionysus was born of a virgin on December 25th
2. He was a traveling teacher who performs miracles
3. He was called “holy child” and placed in a manger
4. He turned water into wine
5.Was known as God of the Vine
6. He rode in the triumphant procession on a donkey
7. He was a king that was ritually killed and eaten in a Eucharistic ritual
8. He rose from the dead on March 25th
9. He was depicted as being hung on a tree crucified
10. He was called King of Kings, God of Gods, God’s begotten son, savior, redeemer, anointed one, and the Alpha and Omega
11.Has the same trial is Jesus

Dionysus
1. Born on the 25th is irrelevant as even Jesus wasn’t born then. It was an established date to synch a lot of different religious practices around the solstices at that time. He also wasn’t born of a virgin, but it was a divine birth. His father was Zeus and his mother was Semele. The “virgin” thing is primarily a Christian concept to make it seem like their God didn’t have relations with Mary. God (Sky father figure) having relations with a human/mortal is very common in Indo-European Faiths. Hera targeting Dionysus and Zeus saving him (by sewing his body / remains to his leg until he was reborn….kind of like being rejoined to God…which is similar to Christ) is similar in many aspects to Heracles. Both are heroic savior figures (literally rescuing and aiding people) that predate Jesus. The divine savior being sacrificed and reborn or coming again is an Indo-European concept not particularly a Christian one. Virgin births aren’t uncommon for leaders of Rome when you take for example that Romulus and Remus were virgin births.
2. Him being a wondering teacher is a universal truth primarily for Indo-European and Aryan faiths. Many of which were well established before Christianity and could have been seen as competing faiths during the rise of the Christian cult.
3. Facts regarding his being born in a manger are indeed false. But the manger concept in Christianity is just a political ploy to cuck Zoroastrianism and Mithraism by making Magi bow to another god. This is another way to have control by merging other similar concepts under your new concept. Any miraculously born Child or Demi-God could be called a “Holy Chile”. This applies to the Buddha as well as many Indo-European figures. Therefore Irrelevant.
4~5. Yes, Dionysus is considered the God of the vine and the God of wine. Turning water into wine is referenced here. https://tinyurl.com/y88p8pmy. He and his Roman equivalent Bacchus are worshiped as Gods of the winery and wine.
6. Yes, riding a horse is a way to symbolize a king or general returning victoriously to the people. If the bible is taken a myth then it follows this concept primarily as a device to meet that motif. I personally couldn’t find any references myself to Dionysus riding a horse. Though riding a Panther in various paintings. Paintings of Bacchus have depicted being drawn in on a horse. Both with a hero’s victorious return style procession. Technically these Gods are the same. This is known often as The Triumph of Bacchus.
7~8. He did rise from the dead. Most of his ascension into heaven is something focused on by Orphism and Mystery religions. No, the crucifixion on a tree appears to be a fabrication. Though he is obviously sacrificial as being sacrificed by Hera in this aspect. Though being the God of wine, an offering of wine to him, similar to the Eucharistic and many other offering rituals, wouldn’t be uncommon.
9. “His rebirth is the primary reason for the worship of Dionysus in several mystery religions. Variants of the narrative are found in Callimachus and Nonnus, who refer to this Dionysus with the title Zagreus, and also in several fragmentary poems attributed to Orpheus.” –Wikipedia. The Title of Zagreus is one that denotes the highest God or the Most high. Dates on these are after Christ at around 200-300 CE. But also around the time of the council of Nicaea 325. Meaning both could have been competing conceptually and doesn’t give any credence to Christianity either. The other titles are not apparent in reference.
10. Truth Dionysus trial is something more akin to Heracles trials in proving himself as divine per The Bacchae. A better argument would be the comparison to Jesus’ trial and the Buddha’s which is almost identical.

Zeitgeist claims regarding Mithras
1. Mithras was born of a virgin on December 25th
2. Mithras was a traveling teacher and performed miracles
3. He had 12 disciples
4. He sacrificed himself for World Peace
5.Was buried in a tomb and resurrected three days later on Easter morning
6. His followers were promised immortality
7. He was called me Good Shepherd, Savior, Redeemer, The Way, The Truth, and The Light
8. His holy day was Sunday and his followers partook in the Lord’s supper every week

Mithras is an Indo Aryan / Vedic deity. Studies have shown that Mithra, Mithras, Mitra, are all referenced from the same deity and predate Christianity, as does the cult established in the west. Mithras / Mitra being a solar deity is also more akin to how Christianity took to the Sol Invictus concept which ended up lumping a lot of various faiths together, all of the Solar deities of various faiths in the area.

1. Mithras was born of a rock. Can this be seen a virgin birth as per the Christian definition? No that is a stretch. But it is obviously a divine birth. Being born from a rock is more akin to the primordial egg or cosmic egg idea. Mithra being worship on the 25th during the solstice is a common concept even in Zoroastrians who worship Mithra. Being a Solar deity this can be inferred as the birth of the sun as is paralleled in many solar faiths. In truth this allies with Sol Invictus. Celebrated on Natalis Invicti which is the 25th of December.
2. Mithraeum paintings do depict Mithras traveling, teaching and blessing people. This includes farming and livestock.
3. Mithras having 12 disciples is the 12 signs of the Zodiac. If Mithras is the sun then the 12 signs of the Zodiac would move with him. However, 12 primary Gods in a pantheon is a very common motif in many religions. So, in this, the myth of Jesus would be considered just following suit/par for the course.
4. As far as I can see there is no evidence of Mithras dying. Except that he represents the sun. The sun dying during winter and being reborn as spring approaches a pan Indo-European / Solar cultural concept. Mithras slaying the bull some may consider savior like. However, it is more akin to the creation of the world in many beliefs (Slaying of Ymir, Cronus, etc). Though it is an act of blood sacrifice which is exactly what Jesus represents. Also slaying the bull has been theorized to be the slaying of the Era of Taurus which would represent the coming of a new Zodiac (for the time) which would be similar to what many theologians have said regarding Christ and fish imagery.
5. Mithras wasn’t buried in a tomb. This may be a reference to his worshippers gathering in a tomb-like cave. A resurrection of the Sun after the Solstice is, as stated previously, a common motif. Nothing particularly in this address Mithras himself.
6. Not exactly. Enlightenment is what all Indo-European Solar deities, teachers and sky figures promise. If you apply these to a better rebirth (reincarnation) or an improved standing with the Gods (better afterlife) then technically this is no different than Christianity of which claims of immortality don’t really apply as one still dies and transverse to another state of being.
7. Most of these don’t apply but are basically concepts regarding the sun. However, he was called the Savior in the recital of a catechism found in Egypt. The depictions in the Mithraeum will also make it easy to infer that he was a savior figure bringing aid to the people. Primarily being worshiped by the military it could be inferred that he would be looked to for guidance and protection.
8. Yes according to this book, Antonía Tripolitis (2002). Religions of the Hellenistic-Roman age. He was worshiped on Sunday and was prayed to three times a day. While I cannot vouch for this validity, worshiping a solar deity on the day of the sun makes sense. Worshiping the Hebrew Gods or his incarnation (Jesus) on any other day than the Sabbath (Saturday) seems off. Which points to this being a possible influence for Christians. Studies have shown that those who gathered in the Shrines to Mithras did have a ritual meal together. However, having a meal at a gathering, even a religious one, was common during that time in Rome.

Regardless no myth or spirituality will match up exactly.
However, this does go to show that there are a lot of mythic motifs that were in religions of the time, especially Indo-European ones, of which predate Christianity or were being practiced during the official creation of Christianity.

In my personal belief, Christ isn’t original. Instead, whatever might have been associable with a historical figure is dwarfed by Romanized religion. The church that was established mixed many elements from European Paganism and, as it spread, folk religions. I will present the question to any Pagans reading. Are there not some representations of perennial truth and paganism that is found within the Christianity that can be respected or reclaimed? I challenge you to find what is hidden Paganism within Christianity and reclaim it. That doesn’t mean converting, or expecting them to not still consider you to be in cahoots with “Satan” but to understand where their faith came from and that yours never truly “died” as they say it did. For any Christians that may be reading, I challenge you to analyze the concepts within your own religion and realize how much of it is actually Indo-European Paganism and folk religion.
Hammer and Vajra!
—Zachary Gill